Being conscious about your body can be an all-consuming, crippling thing.But thanks to this generation’s medical advancement anyone can now enhance their body to their ideal shapes and sizes. For breast asymmetry, breast implants can improve your looks. For stubborn body fats, roux-en-y gastric bypass surgery is a type of weight loss surgical procedure done on patients who are not capable of losing weight through diet regulation, medication, and exercise. This is important because it helps reduce the risks associated with excessive weight such as increased blood sugar concentrations, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and high blood cholesterol.
•The open surgical procedure that involves one large incision in the abdominal area which exposes the stomach.
•Laparoscopic surgical procedure which involves making of small incisions in the abdominal area and use of a laparoscope instrument that inserted via the incisions to visualize the internal structures.
The procedure is done under general anesthesia whereby the doctor, depending on the preferred procedure either open or laparoscopic, will make an incision on the abdominal area. This is followed by creating a small sized pouch on the upper part of the stomach. The ileum is then divided into two parts with the lower end being attached to the formed pouch and the upper end is attached to the remaining part of the ileum. This enables bypassing the stomach duodenum. The incisions are then closed followed by the dressing of the surgical area. After the surgery, pain medications may be administered to reduce pain. Consumption of only liquid food is recommended as solid food may tend to injure the surgical site.
Roux-en-Y helps in reducing excess weight by;
•Reducing the amount of food being consumed because the new stomach pouch is considerably smaller.
•Bypassing the duodenum ensures only a few nutrients are being absorbed into the system.
•Excessive bleeding can occur during and after the procedure.
•Malnutrition as it reduces the amount of food consumed and the type of food. This leads to nutrient deficiency.
•Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea as a result of obstruction.
•It results in considerable weight loss with a reduced risk of developing excess weight associated with health complications.
•It reduces appetite and the total amount of food consumed.
•It provides long term weight loss results.
Disadvantages of Roux-en-Y procedure
•Nutrient deficiency due to malnutrition which requires the intake of dietary supplements.
•It requires a change in diet.